History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications
from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network
This morning I read an impressive article by Alfonso Desiderio about the 2012 Submarine Cable Map of the world. For Desiderio this is a good way to remind us that the internet seems ‘incorporeal’ but actually it is based on a very huge physical structure.
I’ve collected eight maps to show the development of the submarine cable network.
I picked the first 4 images from the History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications’ site.
1 1855 Map; showing the telegraph lines in operation, under contract, and contemplated, to complete the circuit of the globe / entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1855 by J.H. Colton & Co. in the Clerks Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.
2 1903 Map: Telegraph Construction & Maintenance Co Ltd
Showing submarine telegraph cables the cores of which were manufactured at
The Gutta Percha Works, Wharf Road, City Road, London N.
3 1924: This chart represents the world’s international cable network in 1924. It was compiled from the official data of the International Telegraph Bureau, Berne, Switzerland.
4 1992 British Telecomm map of Communications - Around the World
And I found the second four maps on the TeleGeography’s web site.
5 Submarine Cable Map 2000
6 Submarine cable map 2004
9 Submarine cable map 2008
8 Submarine Cable Map 2010
TeleGeography offered also an interactive website called Submarine cable map. Data contained in this map is drawn from Global Bandwidth Research Service and is updated on a regular basis.
I begin to ask myself how many meters are needed to post this message…